Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a bilateral meeting with US President Joseph R Biden at his official residence on 8 September 2023.
During this bilateral meeting, both the leaders discussed in detail economic cooperation and increasing contacts between the people of India and America.
- Prime Minister Modi and President Biden reaffirmed the importance of the Quad in supporting a free, open, inclusive and resilient Indo-Pacific.
- Prime Minister Modi expressed his eagerness to welcome President Biden to the next summit of Quad leaders to be hosted by India in 2024.
Indo-Pacific Ocean Initiative (IPOI):
- India welcomed the US decision to co-lead the IPOI initiative pillar related to trade connectivity and maritime transport following the US decision to join the Indo-Pacific Ocean Initiative (IPOI) in June 2023.
- Sharing his vision of a more inclusive and representative global governance system, President Biden reiterated his support for the reform of the UN Security Council and India's permanent membership in it.
- Also in this context, once again welcomed India's candidature for a non-permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council in 2028-29.
- The two leaders reaffirmed the critical role of technology in broadening the strategic partnership and acknowledged the India-US critical role in building open, accessible, secure, and resilient technology ecosystems and value chains based on shared values and mutual trust that strengthen democratic institutions. Appreciated the ongoing efforts through ICET and Emerging Technology (ICET) initiative.
Partnership in Outer Space Exploration:
- President Biden congratulated Prime Minister Modi and the scientists and engineers of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on the historic landing of Chandrayaan-3 in the south polar region of the Moon as well as the successful launch of India's first solar mission, Aditya-L1.
- Determined to deepen partnership in outer space exploration, ISRO and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have initiated discussions on modalities, capacity building and training to enhance joint efforts for the International Space Station in 2024. And efforts are being made to finalize the strategic framework related to human space flight cooperation by the end of 2023.
- India and the United States also intend to enhance coordination for planetary defense to protect Earth and space assets from impacts of asteroids and near-Earth objects. This includes US support for India's participation in asteroid detection and tracking through the Minor Planet Center.
- The two leaders noted a multi-year initiative by Microchip Technology, Inc. to invest approximately $300 million to expand its R&D presence in India to build resilient global semiconductor supply chains.
- Advanced Micro Devices announced to invest $400 million in India over the next five years to expand research, development and engineering operations in India.
- The two leaders expressed satisfaction over the implementation of the announcements made by US companies, Micron, LAM Research and Applied Materials in June 2023.
- Prime Minister Modi and President Biden witnessed the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the India 6G Alliance and the NextG Alliance powered by the Alliance for Telecom Industry, sharing a vision of secure and reliable telecommunications, resilient supply chains and global digital inclusion. Welcomed as a first step towards deepening public-private cooperation between operators.
- The two leaders also acknowledged the establishment of two joint task forces focused on cooperation in the field of research and development in Open RAN and 5G/6G technologies.
- A 5G Open RAN pilot will be initiated by a US Open RAN manufacturer at a major Indian telecom operator prior to field deployment.
- Leaders expressed eagerness for Indian companies to participate in the US Rep and Replace Program; President Biden also welcomed India's support for the rip and replace pilot in the United States.
Cooperation in quantum field:
- The United States reiterated its commitment to work closely with India in the quantum area, bilaterally and through the ‘Quantum Entanglement Exchange’, a platform to facilitate international quantum exchange opportunities.
- The United States welcomed the participation of India's S.N. Bose National Center for Basic Sciences, Kolkata, as a member of the 'Quantum Economic Development Consortium'.
Cooperation in Biotechnology Sector:
- The two leaders appreciated the signing of the Implementation Arrangement between the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Biotechnology of India to enable scientific and technological research collaboration in biotechnology and biomanufacturing innovations.
- The two leaders welcomed the invitation for proposals by NSF and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology of India to promote academic and industrial collaboration in semiconductor research, next generation communication systems, cyber security and green technologies and 'Intelligent Transportation Systems'.
India-US Global Challenges Institute:
- The two leaders signed an agreement between Indian universities represented by the Council of Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT Council) and the Association of American Universities (AAU) to establish an India-US Global Challenges Institute with a joint initial commitment of at least $10 million. Signatures on the memorandum welcomed.
Cooperation in Space and AI Sector:
- Prime Minister Modi and President Biden reiterated their commitment to deepen and diversify the India-US major defense partnership through expanded cooperation in new and emerging areas such as space and AI and accelerated defense industrial cooperation.
Collaboration in manufacturing of GE F-414 jet engine:
- The two leaders welcomed the completion of the Congressional notification process on 29 August 2023 and the commencement of negotiations for a commercial agreement between GE Aerospace and Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL) for the manufacturing of GE F-414 jet engines in India; Reiterated our commitment to work collaboratively and expeditiously to support the progress of this unprecedented co-production and technology transfer proposal.
- The two leaders appreciated the conclusion of the second Master Ship Repair Agreement with the latest agreement being signed by the US Navy and Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited in August 2023.
India-US Defense Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS-X) Team:
- The two leaders commended the India-US Defense Acceleration Ecosystem (INDUS-X) team for establishing a strong cooperation agenda to harness innovative work from the US and Indian defense sectors to address shared security challenges.
- Indus-X conducted the initial Academia Start-up Partnership at IIT Kanpur in partnership with Penn State University and a workshop for Indian startups through a workshop led by US accelerator M/s Hacking 4 Allies (H4X) at IIT Hyderabad in August 2023. Started Joint Accelerator Program for.
Gen 31 Atomics MQ-9B:
- President Biden welcomed the issuance of a Letter of Solicitation from the Indian Ministry of Defense for the procurement of Gen 31 Atomics MQ-9B (16 Sky Guardian and 15 Sea Guardian) remotely piloted aircraft and their equipment.
- This aircraft will enhance the Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities of the Indian Armed Forces in all areas of intelligence, surveillance and security.
Cooperation in the field of cancer research, prevention, control and management:
- The two leaders welcomed our growing bilateral cooperation in cancer research, prevention, control, and management and looked forward to launching the India-US Cancer Dialogue in November 2023.
- This dialogue will focus on advancing knowledge in cancer genomics, developing new diagnostics and treatments to enhance and strengthen cancer care for underserved urban and rural communities.
- The leaders reaffirmed that the shared values of freedom, democracy, human rights, inclusion, pluralism and equal opportunities for all citizens are vital to the success of our countries and these are the values that underpin our relationship.