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First Ever Nuclear Energy Summit Ends in Brussels

Utkarsh Classes 28-03-2024
First Ever Nuclear Energy Summit Ends in Brussels Summit and Conference 6 min read

On March 21, leaders from 34 countries gathered in Brussels, Belgium for the inaugural Nuclear Energy Summit and it concluded recently.

  • The summit was organized with the objective to allow participating governments to present their strategies and plans. Which will be available for utilizing nuclear power to reach net-zero emissions and foster sustainable development.

Background of Summit

  • A summit was held after the Global Stocktake, which was a comprehensive assessment of how well the world is doing with climate action, following the December 2023 Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28). 
  • During the COP28 conference, more than 20 countries signed a declaration to increase the use of nuclear energy between 2020 and 2050. 
  • Countries from four continents, including the United States, Canada, France, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom, signed the declaration. 
  • The initiative aimed to speed up the implementation of nuclear energy and was a major highlight of the conference.

About Summit

  • The summit was arranged by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Belgium. The event featured a series of speeches from prominent leaders, including China, France, Japan, and the US. 
  • Countries which have limited or no access to nuclear power need guidance and support in deploying and financing this technology. 
  • Meanwhile, nations with a strong presence in nuclear energy stressed the importance of utilizing it to achieve global climate targets.
  • After the speeches, attendees engaged in four technical panel discussions to explore practical steps for maximizing nuclear energy's potential.

Panel of summit

  • The discussions during the event were organized into four panels. 
  • The first panel discussed how the implementation or extension of new and existing nuclear capacity can be impacted by global, regional, and national perspectives. 
  • The second panel focused on technological advancements and innovations in the industry, such as new nuclear reactors, hybrid nuclear-renewable systems, and the development of nuclear fusion technology. 
  • The third panel discussed innovation throughout the nuclear fuel cycle and the lifespan of nuclear facilities, including spent fuel management, fuel supply chains, and decommissioning. 
  • Finally, the last panel examined how to finance nuclear power through investments for the clean energy transition, electricity market designs, industry incentives and subsidies, and the role of multilateral development banks and investment banks.

Pledge during summit

  • At the summit, a declaration was signed by the director general of the IAEA and representatives from 32 nations. 
  • The declaration assured their commitment to nuclear energy as an important element in the effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from both power and industrial sectors, ensure energy security, promote long-term sustainable development, and facilitate a transition to clean energy.
  • In order to achieve this goal, the nations have pledged to enable the deployment and financing of reactors through supportive conditions. 
  • This declaration has support from a number of organizations, including 20 nongovernmental entities such as Third Way, North American Young Generation in Nuclear, Nuclear Innovation Alliance, International Bank for Nuclear Infrastructure, and the Nuclear Threat Initiative, which signed their own letter of support.
  • While there is interest in future summits, organizers have indicated that it is unlikely to become an annual event.

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) came into existence in 1957 as a result of the widespread concerns and hopes that surfaced in the wake of the groundbreaking advancements and varied applications of nuclear technology. 

The Agency has its origins in the "Atoms for Peace" speech delivered by United States President Eisenhower at the General Assembly of the United Nations on 8 December 1953. 

The IAEA is headquartered in Vienna, Austria

FAQ

Answer: Brussels

Answer: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Answer: 1957
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