The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare concluded the fifth phase of the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI 5.0) campaign, which is the flagship routine immunization drive.
There is a focus on improving Measles and Rubella vaccination coverage to achieve Measles and Rubella elimination by 2023. Additionally, the U-WIN digital platform will be piloted for routine immunization across all districts in the country.
Measles is a viral infection that spreads very easily from person to person. It is caused by a single-stranded, enveloped RNA virus with only one serotype. Measles virus infects only humans, making them the only natural hosts for this disease.
Rubella is an illness caused by the virus RuV. The condition leads to skin irritation, mild fever and various other signs. It's easily spread from one individual to another.
Mission Indradhanush was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on December 25, 2014.
Objective of Mission Indradhanush is to ensure high coverage of children and pregnant women with all available vaccines throughout the country.
NOTE: India's Immunization Program is one of the largest public health initiatives globally. Originally launched as the Expanded Program on Immunization in 1978, it was renamed the Universal Immunization Program in 1985 when it was extended beyond urban areas.
The Government of India has initiated the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) with the aim of providing immunization to every child below the age of two and all pregnant women who have not received coverage under the regular immunization program.