From November 1 to 2, the UK will host the first major Global Summit on AI Safety as the world faces challenges and opportunities presented by the rapid advancement of Artificial Intelligence.
What is artificial intelligence (AI)?
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to computer systems which focus on simulation of human intelligence processes. AI applications include expert systems, speech recognition, natural language processing, and machine vision.
- AI systems work by analyzing large amounts of labeled training data to identify patterns and correlations. This information is then used to make predictions about future outcomes. For example, a chatbot that is trained on text examples can learn to generate lifelike exchanges with people, and an image recognition tool can identify and describe objects in images.
- AI programming focuses on various cognitive skills such as learning, reasoning, self-correction, and creativity.
What is AI Safety?
AI safety is a branch of machine learning research that aims to prevent unintended behavior in ML systems and develop tools to ensure their safety and reliability.
- Automation-spurred job loss
- Privacy violations
- Deep Fakes
- Algorithmic bias caused by bad data
- Socioeconomic inequality
- Weapons automatization
- Market volatility
- Uncontrollable self-aware AI
AI Laws in India
Laws regarding the application of AI are not specific in India. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTY) regulates AI in India, with the responsibility of developing, implementing, and managing AI laws and guidelines.
- While Intellectual Property Law mentions certain provisions, Section 43A & 72A of Information Technology Act, 2000 implies that anyone who commits a crime using AI will be liable under IT Act, criminal law, and other cyber law.
- The Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 requires social media platforms to exercise greater diligence regarding content on their platforms.
- In 2018, the Planning Commission of India proposed the National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence (NSAI) and set up a panel consisting of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion to oversee the regulation.
- The Ministry of Electronics & IT instituted four committees to emphasize and analyze multiple ethical issues of AI and to form IP regimes for AI upgrades and introduce legal networks for data protection, security, and privacy.
- The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTY) proposed the Personal Data Protection Bill in 2019, which was based on a draft statute on data protection, also known as the Privacy Bill.
- The proposed bill aimed to protect individual rights as data is personally collected, moved, and processed.
- However, the Central Government withdrew the Personal Data Protection Bill in August 2022, and the Personal Data Protection Bill 2021 was also withdrawn.
- On November 18, 2022, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology introduced a new law, The Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2022, which replaces the 2011 IT rules. The new law also aims to process an individual's personal data.
- Niti Aayog worked towards establishing AIRAWAT – AI Research, Analytics and Knowledge Assimilation platform, which considers the requirements for better use of AI.
- In 2020, Niti Aayog drafted documents based on launching an oversight body and enforcing responsible AI principles, including safety & rehabilitation, equality, inclusivity, non-discrimination, privacy & security, transparency, accountability, and protection & reinforcement of human values.
- These principles aim to inspect principles, form legal and technical work, create new techniques and tools of AI and represent India at the Global standard.