- Jul 29, 2021
- Blog, Blog English,
Since 2010, 29 July has been celebrated as ‘International Tiger Day.
International Tiger Day is celebrated worldwide to create awareness of the conservation of tigers. For this theme is – “Their survival is in our hands. India has 70% of the world’s tiger population. It is the country’s national animal, and it is considered a symbol of strength, pride, alertness, intelligence, and endurance of the country. It is a matter of disappointment that the tigers are kept on the list of endangered species of wildlife.
Campaigns like “Save the Tiger” have raised hopes of saving the lives of these tigers. Projects were started in 1973 to save tigers in India.
Initially started with nine tiger reserves at that time, which has now increased to about 50. According to the data released by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the total number of tigers in the world is 3,890, of which the number of tigers in India is 2,967.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Started as an international non-governmental organization, the World Wildlife Fund, which is currently known as the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). It works on issues of environmental protection, research, and restoration. It is the world’s leading conservation organization operating in nearly 100 countries.
They are focused on developing and delivering solutions that protect communities, wildlife, and their habitats. Collaborate with people worldwide at every level to develop and deliver innovative solutions that protect communities, wildlife, and their habitats.
The number of wild tigers has started increasing after a century of decline. In countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, Russia, and China, the tiger population is stable or increasing. More effort is needed to preserve and raise the number of tigers known to date. We have to make continuous efforts to secure its future in the forest and to protect this species.
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)
The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has been constituted under Section 38L(1) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. NTCA has identified 13 such countries worldwide in its new survey, where tigers are present, but their numbers decrease due to lack of protection.
India will provide better technology and planning to such countries for the conservation of tigers. The surviving species of tigers include Siberian Tiger, Bengal Tiger, Indo-Chinese Tiger, Malayan Tiger, Sumatran Tiger. Some species of tiger have become extinct, including the Bali tiger, Caspian tiger, Javan tiger. However, in the midst of all this, the number of tigers in India has increased continuously.
- Shri Bhupendra Yadav – Hon’ble Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Chairman, NTCA
- Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey – Hon’ble Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Vice President, NTCA
- Dr. S.P. Yadav – Additional Director General (Project Tiger) and Member Secretary (NTCA)
- Our tiger range spread over 18 states is about 2.23% of the geographical area of the country.
- Project Tiger Coverage started from 9 tiger reserves in 1973 has increased to 51 at present.
- Project Tiger is a centrally sponsored scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change.
- Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers (526) in India.
The Tiger Man of India-
Kailash Sankhla was born on 30 January 1925 in Jodhpur city of Rajasthan. He was an Indian biologist and conservationist. He was the director of the Delhi Zoological Park and the chief wildlife warden of Rajasthan.
He is best known for his work in the conservation of tigers. Sankhla was the first director of Project Tiger, a tiger conservation program established in India in 1973. He was awarded the Padma Shri in the year 1992 and the Rajasthan Ratna in 2013.
- In 1953 he started the Forest Service.
- In 1965, he was given the Merit Award by the Government of Rajasthan for his work.
- He also got the responsibility of director in Delhi Zoological Park in 1965.
- In the year 1970, Sankhla received the Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship for research and study on tigers.
- In 1989, Kailash Sankhla also laid the foundation of Tiger Trust for tiger conservation.
- He wrote many famous books like The Story of Indian Tiger, Tiger Land, Tiger, Return of the Tiger based on his work experience.
Recognizing his dedication to conserving tigers, he was given the title of “Tiger Man of India.”
Facts About Tiger-
- The tiger is the largest cat species globally, reaching 3.3 meters in length and weighing up to 670 pounds.
- They are born blind and open their eyes only 1-2 weeks after birth.
- The tiger is identified by the dark vertical stripes and red/orange fur.
- The Bengal tiger is a common species.
- A tiger’s life depends on its habitat (about 11 years in the wild and 20 to 25 years in captivity).
- Tigers usually live alone after they become adults.
- Tigers are adept at swimming.
- They begin to learn to hunt at six months, but they stay with their mother until they are about 18 months old.
- Tigers communicate using various sounds such as scent markings, visual cues, roars, growls, snoring, grunts, moans, meows, and hiss.