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Russia starts supply of Pulses to India

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 03-01-2024
Russia starts supply of Pulses to India Economy 6 min read

India has started importing red lentil (masoor ) from Russia.  A consignment of Russian masoor lentils landed recently at the Chennai port ,Tamil Nadu. Russia is already the single largest source of crude oil  supply to India, displacing Iraq. 

India, which is the largest producer and importer of pulses in the world, at present buys red lentils (masoor) mainly from Canada and Australia.

In September 2021 the government of India allowed the import of masoor from Russia but due to phytosanitary concerns and high cost of the Russian pulses ,pulses were not imported from Russia .

The Indian government has started importing the Russian pulses as they are now available at comparatively cheaper prices and also the government wants to reduce its reliance on Canada and Australia. 

Pulses and India 

India is the largest producer, importer and consumer of pulses in the world accounting for nearly 28% of global production, 15% of International trade and 27% of world consumption. 

According to the third estimates of the Union Ministry of Agriculture the production of pulses in 2022-23 (July- June crop season) is estimated to be 275.04 lakh tonnes. 

Among the pulses the maximum contribution is  that of  Gram and second highest contribution is of Moong .

According to the third estimates of the Union Ministry of Agriculture ,the production of Gram in 2022-23  is expected to be 135.43 Lakh Tonnes and of Moong 37.40 lakh tonnes.

Import Dependent 

India is self-sufficient in Gram /chana  and in Moong. But it is not self sufficient in the widely consumed pulses like Tur, Urad or Masoor. As a result there is always a shortage of these pulses and consequently  prices of these pulses remain  high in the market. To meet the demand of pulses India imports the pulses from a number of countries . India meets around 10-12 % of its demand for pulses through import. 

Source of Pulse Import 

  • India imports Tur pulses mainly from East Africa and Myanmar .

  • Masoor is mainly imported from Canada and Australia.

  • Urad is mainly sourced from Myanmar .

Liberal Import Policy 

To  meet  the production shortfall and to control the price of  these commodities India has entered into a long term contract with a number of countries  for the supply of pulses. 

  • India  will import 2 lakh tonnes of tur per year  from Mozambique for the next five years starting from 2021.

  • It will import 50,000 tonnes of tur from Malawi per year  till 2025 .

  • It will import 100,000 tonnes of tur from Myanmar  per year  till 2025 .

Ports notified for pulse import 

To ease the process of pulse import ,the government of India has specified  five ports for import of pulses from Myanmar,Malawi and Mozambique.

These ports are : 

  • Mumbai Port in Maharashtra,

  • V.O.Chidambaranar Port in  Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu . It was earlier called Tuticorin.

  • Chennai Port also in Tamil Nadu 

  • Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port ,Kolkata, West Bengal 

  • Hazira Port, Gujarat

Top Pulse Producing States in India (2020-21 data)




Estimated production 



moong, Arhar, gram, and moth 

4821.84 tonnes


Madhya Pradesh 

gram, tur, and urad

4364.74 tonnes



Mainly Tur 

4224.87 tonnes


Uttar Pradesh 


2621.15 tonnes



horse gram, pigeon pea, black gram, green gram,

2170.89 tonnes

Source PIB 

Agricultural season in which pulses are grown 

Pulses are grown in all  the three crop seasons of Kharif, Rabi and Zaid.

Kharif : Arhar (Tur), Urd (Blackgram), Moong (Greengram), Lobia (Cowpea), Kulthi (Horsegram) and Moth;

Rabi : Gram, Lentil, Pea, Lathyrus and Rajmash;  

Summer/Zaid : Greengram, Blackgram and Cowpea.

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