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International Turban Day 2024: Date, history & significance

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 13-04-2024
International Turban Day 2024: Date, history & significance Important Day 5 min read

‘International Turban Day’ is celebrated internationally on 13 April every year. 13 April is dedicated to honoring Sikh heritage and values. The day acknowledges the importance of the turban in Sikh culture and promotes religious harmony and inter-cultural understanding.

  • It is an occasion to celebrate the long cultural significance of the turban in Sikhism and its rich history.

Why is 13th April 'International Turban Day'?

  • 13 April was chosen as International Turban Day because Baisakhi is a major Sikh festival that celebrates the birth of the Khalsa Panth. On this day on 13 April 1699, the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh established the Khalsa Panth at Anandpur Sahib which made it a meaningful date for Sikhs around the world.

Historical context of turban in Sikhism:

  • International Turban Day has been celebrated on 13 April since 2004 in Sikh culture to bring awareness about the need to wear a turban as an essential part of their religion.
  • 2024 Turban Day marks the 555th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev and the festival of Baisakhi. A turban, also referred to as a "dastar" or "pag," is a traditional headwear worn in various cultures, especially in South Asia and the Middle East. It is considered a gift from Guru Gobind Singh.
  • On the day of Baisakhi in 1699, he introduced the turban, a symbol of honor and nobility, as the traditional dress of the Sikhs. At that time, turbans were commonly worn by Mughal chieftains or Hindu Rajputs as a symbol of distinction.
  • All Sikhs of Guru Gobind Singh were allowed to wear turbans, carry swords and adopt the names Singh and Kaur. This decision brought equality and respect in the Sikh community.
  • Dastar Bandi is an important ceremony in Sikh culture. It marks the beginning of a Sikh boy wearing a turban. This ceremony, usually held in a Gurudwara, takes place when the boy is between 11 and 16 years of age. This is an important event in the life of a young Sikh, marking his readiness to adopt the turban as a symbol of his faith and identity.

Turban Day Act passed in Canada:

  • In 2022, the Canadian province of Manitoba passed the Turban Day Act. By this Act, April 13 was declared as Turban Day in the entire province.
  • The Act recognizes the importance of the turban as a religious symbol for the Sikh community and its role in maintaining honor and dignity.

Importance of turban in Sikhs:

  • In Sikh culture, a turban is essential for every Sikh. The turban holds a significant place in Sikhism's history, being worn by Sikh gurus and their disciples for centuries.
  • In Sikh culture, the turban holds more importance than just a piece of cloth. It reflects devotion to Sikhism and its principles.
  • It stands for the essential principles of bravery, compassion and community service, which are at the core of Sikhism. It is a highly protected symbol of Sikh identity.


Answer: 13 April

Answer: 2004

Answer: In 2022, the Canadian province of Manitoba passed the Turban Day Act.
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