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India Will Launch GSAT-20 For The First Time From SpaceX's Falcon-9 Rocket

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 03-01-2024
India Will Launch GSAT-20 For The First Time From SpaceX's Falcon-9 Rocket Science and Technology 3 min read

ISRO's commercial arm, 'New Space India Limited' (NSIL), has announced that India will use SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket to launch its next-generation heavy communications satellite GSAT-20 (or GSAT-N2).

  • This will be India's first mission launched from SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket.
  • According to NSIL, this Indian mission can be started in the second quarter of this year, i.e., in 2024.
  • Heavy lift launcher Falcon-9 can perform this flight from Florida.
  • This mission will be accomplished under a launch service contract between NSIL and US-based aerospace company SpaceX.

Why will the Falcon 9 rocket be used?

  • Currently, ISRO's LVM3 rocket can deliver payloads up to 4,000 kg to the geostationary transfer orbit, whereas Falcon-9's capacity can be almost double.
  • The payload or satellite India wants to send into space under this mission weighs around 4,700 kg.

About GSAT-20:

  • GSAT-20 is a communications satellite known as CMS-03 or GSAT-N2.
  • The Indian Space Research Organization Satellite Center and Liquid Propulsion System Centre have jointly developed it. The GSAT-20 satellite is funded, owned and operated by New Space India Limited.

The first test of GSAT-20:

  • When – June 23, 2022
  • Where – Kourou Launch Site, French Guiana
  • By Who - Ariane - 5 (VA 257) Launch Vehicle

About Falcon-9 rocket:

  • Falcon 9 is a reusable two-stage rocket developed by Elon Musk's popular aerospace company SpaceX.
  • According to SpaceX, this is the most powerful rocket in the world.
  • The height of this rocket is 70 meters, its diameter is 12 meters and its mass is 549,054 kg.
  • So far, it has performed 285 launches, 243 landings and 217 re-flights.

NewSpace India Limited (NSIL):

  • NSIL is the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
  • Establishment - 2019
  • Headquarters – Bengaluru


Ans - SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket

Ans- New Space India Limited

Ans - Ariane-5 (VA 257) launch vehicle

Ans- Aerospace company SpaceX

Ans- Year 2019
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