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CBI Raising Day- CJI will deliver 20th D. P. Kohli Memorial Lecture

Utkarsh Classes 01-04-2024
CBI Raising Day- CJI will deliver 20th D. P. Kohli Memorial Lecture Summit and Conference 6 min read

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is hosting the 20th D. P. Kohli Memorial Lecture to commemorate the Raising Day of the Investigation Agency. 

  • Chief Justice of India, Justice D. Y. Chandrachud, will deliver the lecture on the theme of "Adopting Technology to Advance Criminal Justice" at Bharat Mandapam in New Delhi. 
  • This annual event is held in honor of the late Dharamnath Prasad Kohli, the founder Director of CBI, who served the Police Service from 1931 onwards. 
  • Kohli headed the Delhi Special Police Establishment DSPE in 1955 to curb corruption in public services. He continued as the Director of CBI from its inception in 1963 until 1968.

About CBI

  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was created by the Government of India in 1963. Its primary function is to investigate cases of bribery and corruption as well as violations of central fiscal laws and serious crimes. 
  • The agency also collects intelligence to support its investigations. Over the last sixty years, the CBI has become the country's premier investigating and prosecuting agency. In addition to its domestic role, the CBI serves as the National Central Bureau for INTERPOL in India. 
  • This means it coordinates international cooperation in law enforcement. The CBI's power to investigate comes from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946. 
  • The Act gives the CBI jurisdiction to investigate offenses in the Union Territories only.
  • The CBI is not a statutory body, but it derives its power to investigate from the DSPE Act. 
  • The beginning of the establishment was initiated by the Santhanam Committee from 1962-1964.
  • In 1963, the CBI was established by the Indian government to investigate serious crimes related to defense of India, corruption in high places, serious fraud, cheating and embezzlement, and social crimes particularly hoarding, black-marketing, and profiteering in essential commodities that have all-India and inter-state ramifications. 
  • The Central Government can authorize the CBI to investigate a crime in a state, but only with the consent of the concerned state government. 
  • However, the Supreme Court and High Courts can order CBI to investigate a crime anywhere in the country without the consent of the state.

Appointment of Director of CBI 

  • The Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) holds the position of Inspector General of Police for the Delhi Special Police Establishment. The Director is responsible for managing all the affairs of the organization.
  • Prior to 2014, the appointment of the CBI Director was based on the provisions of the DSPE Act, 1946. However, in 2003, the DSPE Act was revised following the Vineet Narain case, as recommended by the Supreme Court.
    • As per the revised act, a committee consisting of members from the Central Vigilance Commission, Secretaries from the Home Ministry and the Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievances would send recommendations to the Central Government for the appointment of the CBI Director.
  • In 2014, the Lokpal Act was introduced, which established a committee for the appointment of the CBI Director.
  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is headed by the Prime Minister of India. 
    • Other members of the CBI include the Leader of the Opposition or the leader of the largest opposition party and the Chief Justice of India or a judge of the Supreme Court.
  • The Home Ministry sends a list of eligible candidates to the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT). 
    • DoPT prepares the final list on the basis of seniority, integrity and experience in investigating anti-corruption cases. The final list is then sent to the committee for approval.
  • According to the CVC Act, 2003, the Director of CBI is provided security for a two-year tenure.
    • In November 2021, the President promulgated two ordinances that allow the Centre to extend the tenures of the directors of the CBI and the Enforcement Directorate from two years to up to five years.

FAQ

Answer: 1963

Answer: Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946

Answer: Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption from 1962-1964.
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