Current Affairs 2021: 4 June 2021

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  • Jun 04, 2021
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Current Affairs 2021: 4 June 2021

Amul’s RS Sodhi elected to the board of the International Dairy Federation.

RS Sodhi, the chairman of Amul, was overwhelmingly elected to the International Dairy Federation (IDF) board during the IDF’s General Assembly on June 1. Sodhi is a graduate of the Anand Institute of Rural Management (IRMA). After finishing his post-graduation at IRMA, he joined GCMMF (Amul) in 1982.

Highlights

  • He has 39 years of experience with Amul and was appointed Managing Director of GCMMF (the firm that manages the Amul trademark) in 2010.
  • GCMMF is India’s largest dairy company, with an annual turnover of 39,238 crores in this financial year.
  • Amul’s milk procurement rates to farmers climbed by 140 per cent during his leadership in the previous ten years, from Rs 337 per kg fat in 2009-10 to Rs 810 per kg fat in 2020-21.
  • Sodhi urged Amul farmers to boost milk procurement by 171% in the previous decade, from 91 lakh litres per day in 2009-10 to 250 lakh litres per day in 2020-21.
  • Under the leadership of R S Sodhi, GCMMF’s commercial turnover has increased by 390 per cent from Rs 8,005 crore in 2009-10 to Rs 39,238 crore in the previous ten years.

International Dairy Federation

  • The International Dairy Federation (IDF) is a non-profit, international organization representing the worldwide dairy industry.
  • The federation guarantees that appropriate rules govern the production of dairy products, standards, practices, and laws across the world.
  • In 43 member nations, it has nearly 1,200 competent dairy specialists. IDF members are National Committees, which are made up of dairy organizations from all around the world. The National Committee is the country’s representative.
  • The Indian National Committee (INC) of the IDF represents India.
  • The INC-IDF is chaired by the Secretary (ADF), Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairy, Government of India, and its operations are coordinated by the NDDB, according to GCMMF.

Microsoft launches Asia- pacific cybersecurity council.

Microsoft has established the first Asia Pacific Public Sector Cyber Security Executive Council with the goal of establishing a robust communication channel for tackling cyber risks and exchanging best practices among member nations.

The group, which includes policymakers and influencers from Brunei, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand, and cybersecurity experts, wants to advance public-private cybersecurity cooperation.
Highlights

  • Malware and ransomware assaults continue to be more common in APAC nations than the rest of the globe, with rates of 1.6 and 1.7 times higher than the rest of the world, respectively.
  • To ensure a continual exchange of information on cyber dangers and cybersecurity solutions, the council will convene almost every quarter.
  • Government agencies and state executives will participate in a discussion led by Microsoft and its ecosystem of cybersecurity sector experts as part of the council.
  • The forum’s purpose is to exchange best practices, learn from Microsoft security certification training, dedicated seminars, and hands-on lab sessions.
  • It’s all done to improve the workforce’s digital skills and close the cybersecurity talent gap among the participating countries.

Cybersecurity

  • Cybersecurity refers to safeguarding internet-connected systems, including hardware, software, and data, from cyber threats.
  • Individuals and businesses utilize the method to prevent illegal access to data centres and other digital systems.
  • A robust cybersecurity strategy can give a good security posture against hostile attacks aimed at gaining access to, altering, deleting, destroying, or extorting critical data from an organization’s or user’s systems.
  • Cybersecurity is also important in preventing attacks that try to disable or impair the function of a system or device.
  • It’s a challenging endeavour to stay up with new technology, security trends, and threat information.
  • It’s required to safeguard data and other assets against cyberthreats, which can take numerous forms.

XraySetu Launched to Detect Covid in Rural Population via WhatsApp -h2

The government has unveiled the X-Ray Setu, an artificial intelligence-based system that can be controlled via WhatsApp. The government intends to enrol 10,000 clinicians in small communities where RT-PCR and CT Scans are not accessible for COVID detection as part of this effort.

This will be a helpful tool for rural doctors who are having trouble finding covid detection equipment. For this, the government has teamed with Artpark and Niramai, a non-profit organization.

Highlights

  • XraySetu is an artificial intelligence-driven Chest X-ray interpretation service for doctors that work through Whatsapp.
  • Xraysetu was created during the previous ten months with the help of AI researchers from ARTPARK, Niramai Health, and the Indian Institute of Science.
  • It is quick and easy to use for busy clinicians.
  • This might be the paradigm for Indian healthcare in the future, with services available to everybody in any location.
  • Only doctors and radiologists in rural regions can utilize this technology. A rural doctor can acquire a chest XRay interpretation in minutes using XraySetu.
  • This technique has the added benefit of being able to interpret low-resolution photos.

How to use it?

  • Doctors should go to www.xraysetu.com to test out the latest technology. The function is currently only accessible in beta.
  • On the website, there is a button that says “Try the Free X-Ray Setu Beta.”
  • When you click the button, you’ll be brought to X-Ray Setu’s WhatsApp conversation window.

UN Sustainable Transport Conference will take place in China.

The second United Nations Global Sustainable Transport Conference will be placed in Beijing, China, from the 14th to October 16 2021. It will give participants the chance to focus on the potential, problems, and solutions for attaining global sustainable transportation.

The conference will build on the inaugural Global Sustainable Transport Conference, which took place in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, in 2016, and is anticipated to show how sustainable transportation can assist meet the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Climate Agreement.

Highlights

  • The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) will host the second UN Global Sustainable Transport Conference, which will bring together key stakeholders from the government, the UN system and other international organizations.
  • The private sector, and civil society to discuss opportunities, challenges, and solutions for achieving sustainable transportation goals.
  • SDGs that are directly linked to sustainable transportation through targets and indicators, such as SDG 3 (good health and well-being), which includes a target addressing deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents (3.6), and SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities), which includes a target on providing access to safe, affordable transportation.

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA)

  • The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) is part of the United Nations Secretariat. It is in charge of following up on major United Nations Summits and Conferences. A
  • It would also provide services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the United Nations General Assembly’s Second and Third Committees.
  • 1st UN DESA aids nations all over the globe in defining agendas and making decisions in order to address their economic, social, and environmental concerns.
  • It fosters worldwide collaboration to promote universal sustainable development, using the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a basis, as agreed by the United Nations General Assembly on September 25, 2015.
  • UN DESA effectively translates global commitments in the economic, social, and environmental spheres into national policies and actions and plays a key role in monitoring progress toward internationally agreed-upon development goals by providing a broad range of analytical products and policy advice, and technical assistance. It is also a United Nations Development Group member.

SCO Agreement On Mass Media Cooperation Gets India’s Retrospective Nod

The Cabinet gave ex post facto consent for the signature and ratification of an agreement on mass media cooperation between all Shanghai Cooperation Organisation member nations (SCO).

The agreement intends to foster equal and mutually beneficial collaboration among mass media groups. The agreement, which was signed in June 2019, would allow member governments to share best practices and new developments in the sphere of mass media.

Highlights

  • The agreement’s key areas of cooperation include the establishment of favourable circumstances for the comprehensive and mutual diffusion of information through mass media to improve understanding of the lives of the peoples of their respective states.
  • The agreement will encourage equal and mutually beneficial collaboration among state professional associations of journalists in order to analyze the available professional experience and arrange meetings, seminars, and conferences.
  • It will assist in broadcasting television and radio programmes, as well as those distributed legally within the territory of the other side’s state, as well as the legal broadcasting of materials and information by editorial offices, if their distribution meets the requirements of the states’ legislation.
  • According to the ministry, the agreement will promote the exchange of experience and specialists in the field of mass media and mutual assistance in the training of media professionals and cooperation among educational and scientific research institutions and organizations working in this field.

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), also known as the Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance founded on June 15, 2001, in Shanghai, China, by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter, formally establishing the organization, was signed in June 2002 and entered into force on June 15, 2003.
  • With the exception of Uzbekistan, the initial five members had previously been members of the Shanghai Five, which was created on April 26, 1996.
  • India and Pakistan joined the SCO as full members on June 9, 2017, at a summit in Astana, Kazakhstan, bringing the total number of members to eight.
  • The SCO’s top decision-making body, the Heads of State Council (HSC), meets once a year and adopts decisions and recommendations on all of the organization’s major issues.
  • Members also conduct military exercises on a regular basis to improve cooperation and coordination in the fight against terrorism and other external challenges, as well as to maintain regional peace and stability.
  • The SCO is the world’s most prominent regional organization in terms of geographical scope and population, encompassing three-fifths of the Eurasian continent.

WhatsApp appoints Paresh B Lal as Grievance Officer for India.

Paresh B Lal has been designated the Grievance Officer for India by WhatsApp, a Facebook-owned messaging app. Because social media firms are obligated by law to disclose the names and other details of their grievance officers on their websites, WhatsApp has updated the information on how to contact Mr Lal on its website.

The appointment follows the government’s new IT regulation, which mandates that all digital companies, including Google, Facebook, and WhatsApp, employ an Indian grievance officer, nodal officer, and chief compliance officer. Within 24 hours, the grievance officer must respond to the complaint and resolve it within 15 days.

Highlights

  • According to the news agency, large internet corporations like Google have begun amending their websites to reflect the hiring of grievance officers as per the new social media guidelines.
  • Joe Grier is listed as a contact person on Google’s “Contact Us” website, with an address in Mountain View, California. The page also offers information about YouTube’s complaints resolution system.
  • According to the guidelines, all intermediaries must clearly display the name of the grievance officer and his/her contact information on their website, app, or both, as well as the method through which a user or a victim may file a complaint.
  • The grievance officer must recognize the complaint within 24 hours of receiving it and dispose of it within 15 days of receiving it and receive and recognize any order, notification, or instruction given by the authorities.
  • According to the Centre, the new guidelines are intended to prevent platform abuse and exploitation while also providing users with a strong mechanism for grievance resolution.

ICMR approves PanBio kit

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has given its approval to Abbott Rapid Diagnostics Division’s second home-based Rapid Antigen Test kit. Provisional clearance has been granted for the PanBio Covid19 Antigen Test Device, a self-use kit, until July 5. Following that, the business will announce the kit’s price.

Highlights

  • A membrane strip is included in the PanBio COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test kit. On the test line, an immobilized anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody is used, whereas on the control line, a mouse monoclonal anti-chicken antibody is used.
  • Two types of conjugates chromatographically travel higher on the membrane to react with anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody and mouse monoclonal anti-chicken antibodies.
  • Provisional authorization for the self-use kit has been granted till July 5. After July 5, the kit’s price will be revealed.
  • The “CoviSelf test kit,” produced by Pune-based Mylab Discovery Solutions, has previously received ICMR certification.

ICMR’S advisory

  • The ICMR has issued a warning on the use of self-test kits. Rapid Antigen Testing is only recommended for symptomatic persons and direct contacts of positive patients, according to it.
  • Aside from that, there is a home testing mobile app accessible in the Google Play Store and the Apple Store that consumers must download.
  • This smartphone app offers step-by-step guidance to the testing process. It will also provide the patient with a positive or negative test result.
  • After finishing the test method, all users must take a photograph of the test strip using the same mobile phone that was used to download the app and register.
  • Genuine positives will be deemed genuine positives, whereas symptomatic persons who test negative will be deemed true negatives.
  • All users must download the home testing mobile app, which is accessible on Google Play and Apple Store. The patient will get a positive or negative test result via the mobile app, which serves as a thorough guide to the testing procedure.
  • According to the recommendations, after finishing the test method, all users must take a photograph of the test strip with the same mobile phone they used to download the mobile app and register.

Seed minikit programme launched by the government.

Under the National Food Security Mission, a total of 20,27,318 pulse seed minikits, over 8 lakh soybean seed minikits, and 74,000 groundnut seed minikits would be distributed free of charge to farmers. Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar started a seed minikit initiative on Wednesday, delivering high-yielding pulses and oilseed seeds to farmers.
The National Seeds Corporation (NCS), NAFED, and Gujarat State Seeds Corporation are providing the mini-kits, which are entirely sponsored by the Centre via the National Food Security Mission. farmers with seeds)

Highlights

  • According to an official release, the agriculture minister inaugurated the Seed Minikit Program by giving seed mini kits (better yielding kinds of seeds) to farmers.
  • Tomar stated that the National Food Security Mission has been executing different efforts to increase the production and productivity of pulses and oilseeds in conjunction with states.
  • According to the agricultural ministry, there has been a renewed focus on improving pulse and oilseed output since 2014-15. From 27.51 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 36.57 million tonnes in 2020-21, oilseed output has grown.
  • The output of pulses has climbed from 17.15 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 25.56 million tonnes this year.
  • Despite the fact that trends in the area, output, and productivity of oilseeds and pulses are positive, the minister stated that further progress is required. According to him, the seed minikit initiative is an important tool for bringing new seed kinds into fields and for raising seed replacement rates.
  • Seed distribution will continue until June 15, 2021, to ensure that seeds reach farmers in time for Kharif planting.
  • Since 2014-15, the government has refocused on oilseed and pulse production. Oilseed output grew from 27.51 million tonnes in 2014-15 to 36.57 million tonnes in 2020-21 as a result of this.
  • In the same time span, pulse production climbed from 17.15 million tonnes to 25.56 million tonnes.

National Food Security Mission

  • The National Development Council (NDC) adopted a resolution on May 29, 2007, at its 53rd meeting, to launch a Food Security Mission involving rice, wheat, and pulses, with the goal of increasing annual rice production by 10 million tonnes, wheat production by 8 million tonnes, and pulses production by 2 million tonnes.
  • By the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12). As a result, in October 2007, the ‘National Food Security Mission (NFSM), a centrally sponsored scheme, was started.
  • The Mission was a resounding success, with extra rice, wheat, and pulses production exceeding expectations.
  • By the conclusion of the 12th Five Year Plan, the Mission had set new objectives for extra food grain production of 25 million tonnes, which included 10 million tonnes of rice, 8 million tonnes of wheat, 4 million tonnes of pulses, and 3 million tonnes of coarse cereals.

NASA Announces Two robotic missions to Venus

Nasa has announced the launch of two new Venus missions to study the planet’s atmosphere and geological characteristics. The missions will launch between 2028 and 2030, with each receiving $500 million (£352 million) in funding. The missions will provide Nasa Administrator Bill Nelson the “opportunity to examine a planet we haven’t visited in more than 30 years.”

The Magellan orbiter was the final US probe to explore the planet in 1990. Since then, though, several spacecraft from Europe and Japan have orbited the planet. The missions were chosen via a peer-review procedure, and they were chosen based on their prospective scientific value and development feasibility.

Highlights

  • One mission, dubbed DaVinci Plus, will study Venus’s thick, dense atmosphere to see if the fiery planet ever had an ocean and was potentially livable. To measure the gases, a tiny craft will be sent into the atmosphere.
  • It will be the first trip to Venus’s atmosphere commanded by the United States since 1978.
  • The Veritas mission, on the other hand, will survey the stony planet’s surface in search of geologic history.
  • DAVINCI+ will investigate the composition of Venus’ atmosphere in order to learn more about how it developed and developed, as well as if the planet ever had an ocean.
  • The mission consists of a falling sphere that will plummet into Venus’ thick atmosphere, taking exact measurements of noble gases and other components in order to figure out why Venus’ atmosphere is a runaway hothouse when compared to the Earth’s.
  • DAVINCI+ will also provide the first high-resolution images of Venus’s peculiar geological structures known as “tesserae,” which are thought to be similar to Earth’s continents, implying that Venus possesses plate tectonics.
  • In the early days of space research, the United States and the erstwhile Soviet Union dispatched many spacecraft to Venus.
  • In 1962, NASA’s Mariner 2 completed the first successful flyby, and in 1970, the Soviets’ Venera 7 completed the first successful landing. NASA sent its Magellan probe into orbit around Venus in 1989 with the help of a space shuttle.
  • In 2006, the European Space Agency orbited Venus using a spacecraft.
  • The results of DAVINCI+ could reshape our understanding of terrestrial planet formation in our solar system and beyond.
  • This would be the first U.S.-led mission to Venus’ atmosphere since 1978, and the results could reshape our understanding of terrestrial planet formation in our solar system and beyond.
  • The lead investigator is James Garvin of the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. Goddard is in charge of project management.
  • VERITAS will survey Venus’ surface in order to learn more about the planet’s geologic history and why it evolved so differently from Earth.
  • VERITAS, a spacecraft orbiting Venus with a synthetic aperture radar, will map surface elevations throughout virtually the whole planet in order to produce 3D topographic reconstructions and assess whether processes such as plate tectonics and volcanism are active.

Maharashtra launches Corona free village competition.

The Maharashtra government inaugurated the ‘corona-free village’ competition on Wednesday, June 2, to encourage grassroots initiatives to combat the spread of coronavirus.

The contest is part of the ‘My Village Corona Free’ campaign. The participating villages will be judged on 22 different criteria, with the winner village in each of the state’s six revenue divisions receiving a reward of Rs. 50 lakh.

Highlights

  • The goal is to eliminate Corona as quickly as possible in talukas, districts, and, eventually, the whole state of Maharashtra.
  • The competition would last a year and that the communities would be assessed by a committee based on 22 criteria established by the government. RDD is anticipated to release a government resolution soon defining the contest’s parameters and other elements.
  • The idea occurred only days after chief minister Uddhav Thackeray gave a speech on a Covid-free village push to stop Covid-19 from spreading in rural regions.
  • Such approaches, according to rural development minister Hasan Mushrif, would help control Covid-19 infections in rural hinterlands, which have been a source of concern for farmers.
  • In a virtual speech on Sunday, Uddhav Thackeray praised Maharashtra’s youngest sarpanch, Ruturaj Deshmukh (21), and his task team to ensure that their Ghatne village was in Solapur district had no Covid instances.
  • Official statistics indicated that Maharashtra registered 14,123 new COVID-19 cases on Tuesday, bringing the total number of infections to 57,61,015. In contrast, 477 new fatalities and another 377 previously unreported fatalities brought the total number of fatalities to 96,198.

NITI Aayog’s SDG India Index 2020-21: Kerala top performing state, Bihar worst performer

The Index for Sustainable Development Goals, developed by Niti Aayog, assesses progress on social, economic, and environmental indicators. This year’s poorest performers were Jharkhand and Assam.

According to a study issued on Thursday by Niti Aayog, Kerala has kept its top spot in the SDG India Index 2020-21, while Bihar has been deemed the poorest performer. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Index measures how much governments and union territories have progressed in terms of social, economic, and environmental indicators.

Highlights

  • Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman of Niti Aayog, unveiled the third edition of India’s SDG Index on Thursday.
  • With a score of 75, Kerala maintained its position as the top state. With a score of 74, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu tied for second place.
  • The worst-performing states in this year’s India ranking were Bihar, Jharkhand, and Assam.
  • The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were created through a worldwide consultation process on holistic development and have a deadline of 2030.
  • The NITI Aayog created its index in 2018 to track the country’s progress toward its goals using data-driven analysis and to encourage states and union territories to compete in attaining them.
  • According to a UN assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on the SDGs released in March, the region in which India is located may experience increased inequality as a result of the epidemic.
  • Although the NITI Aayog Index shows modest progress toward the SDG on inequality, a closer examination of the variables used to score this target reveals that the think tank has shifted the goalposts.

SDG Index of Niti Aayog

  • The SDG India Index aims to present a comprehensive picture of the country’s social, economic, and environmental situation, as well as those of its States and UTs.
  • It was created to give an overall evaluation of all Indian states and union territories, as well as to assist leaders and changemakers in evaluating their performance on social, economic, and environmental aspects.
  • The Index was created to include 13 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (leaving out Goals 12, 13, 14 and 17).
  • It measures the success of all States and Union Territories (UTs) on a set of 62 National Indicators, which track their development on the results of the Government of India’s initiatives and initiatives.

African Union suspends Mali after two military coups in nine months. – H2

After a second military coup in nine months, the African Union suspended Mali with immediate effect and threatened the poor country with penalties.
The coup has raised serious fears about stability in the fragile Sahel area, as well as threats of economic sanctions from throughout the world.

The African Union decided to suspend the Republic of Mali from all African Union activities, organizations, and institutions until regular constitutional order has been restored in the nation.

Highlights

  • On May 30, 2021, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) also suspended the Republic of Mali until February 2022, citing the country’s second military coup in nine months that resulted in the arrest of a president and prime minister.
  • On May 28, 2021, Mali’s constitutional court in Bamako declared colonel Assimi Goita, interim Vice President and leader of a military coup, as the country’s new interim President.
  • After N’Daw and Ouane were forced to resign during their arrest on May 26, 2021, Goita, 38, was named ‘President of the Transition, Head of State.’ They’ve been let free.
  • Military coup leader Colonel Goita ordered the arrest of temporary President N’Daw and Prime Minister Ouane, provoking an international uproar.
  • Along with the suspension, the African Union threatened Mali with sanctions, stating that if a civilian-led government is not restored, the AU’s Peace and Security Council will move forward with targeted sanctions and other punitive measures against the spoilers of Mali’s current political processes.

Mali’s political crisis

  • Former President N’Daw and Prime Minister Ouane were imprisoned last week by a military coup headed by Goita, who were heading the interim government to return Mali to civilian rule after President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita was toppled by a military coup headed by Goita in August 2020.
  • Mali’s political crisis began in 2012, when the Malian government fell apart following a Tuareg revolt, an Islamist insurgency, and a military coup.
  • Mali’s government was overthrown by military authorities in 2012.
  • It is also fighting a jihadist insurgency that began in the country’s north in 2012 and has now extended to Burkina Faso and Niger, leaving large swaths of the 19-million-strong country under government control.

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