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Pakistan Needs Larger Bailout Package from IMF under EFF

Utkarsh Classes 19-03-2024
Pakistan Needs Larger Bailout Package from IMF under EFF International news 5 min read

Pakistan is set to request a formal bailout package from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF), which provides a larger and more extended package.

Key Highlights

  • Pakistan is expected to request a package of over 8 billion US dollars during the upcoming spring meetings of Bretton Woods Institutions, known as the IMF/World Bank, scheduled to be held in Washington DC from April 15 to 20. 
  • The delegation will be led by Pakistan's Finance Minister Muhammad Aurangzeb and comprise of Finance Secretary Imdadullah Bosal, Secretary EAD Kazim Niaz and Governor State Bank of Pakistan Jamil Ahmed. 
  • Pakistan is likely to ask for an enhanced quota like it did in 2008 or facilitate the EFF through a climate finance instrument. Because Pakistan is facing the wrath of the worst climate degradation in the last few years. 
  • The IMF's review mission is currently in Pakistan for the completion of the second review under the $3 billion standby arrangement (SBA) programme and the release of the third and last tranche of USD 1.1 billion. However, discussions are being held on the larger EFF programme.
  • The Pakistani government has notified the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that it will not allocate any extra budget for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The government has made it clear that it will not provide additional funds to clear the outstanding dues of Chinese power plants.
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has expressed concerns over the effectiveness of Pakistan's measures to curb electricity theft. 
  • Officials from the Ministry of Energy clarified that there are no intentions to approve additional funds to settle the debts of Chinese power plants. The outstanding dues of CPEC power projects have surged to a staggering PKR 493 billion or $1.8 billion by the end of January 2024, marking a significant increase from the previous year.

Extended Fund Facility (EFF) 

  • The Extended Fund Facility (EFF) is designed to offer financial assistance to countries that are experiencing significant medium-term balance of payments issues due to underlying structural weaknesses that require a considerable amount of time to address. 
  • Through the EFF programme, countries are given a longer engagement period and a more extended repayment period, which enables them to implement medium-term structural reforms.

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • Founded in 1944 after the Great Depression of the 1930s, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established by 44 member countries with the aim of fostering economic cooperation. 
  • Its near-global membership of 190 countries ensures that the IMF is governed and accountable to a broad range of nations. 
  • As a financial institution, the IMF is capable of lending approximately $1 trillion to its member countries. India joined the IMF on December 27, 1945. 
  • In addition to its lending activities, the IMF also releases insightful reports such as the Global Financial Stability Report and the World Economic Outlook.

FAQ

Answer: Extended Fund Facility (EFF)

Answer: 1944

Answer: International Monetary Fund (IMF)
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