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Army Deploys Double-Humped Camels In Eastern Ladakh

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 07-12-2023
Army Deploys Double-Humped Camels In Eastern Ladakh Defence 3 min read

The Army has deployed double-humped camels for logistical support in eastern Ladakh.

  • The Army's Udhampur-based Northern Command has deployed Bactrian (two-humped) camels in eastern Ladakh as an innovative means of carrying critical loads and carrying out mounted patrols for the last mile in the sandy terrain of the plateau.
  • Before inducting Bactrian camels into the army, the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) conducted research on double-humped camels in Leh and found that they were capable of carrying a load of about 170 kg at an altitude of 17,000 in the eastern Ladakh region.
  • The Indian Army had last year, for the first time, launched a pilot project to introduce double-humped camels for patrolling along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China.
  • The Army's move will “generate employment for the public through the use of camels and will also pave the way for the conservation of the rapidly dwindling population of double-humped camels in Ladakh”. 

About double-humped camels:

  • Double-humped camels or Bactrian camels have two humps on their back where they store fat.
  • Scientific name: Camelus bactrianus


  • They are native to the harsh and dry regions of Central Asia.
  • They inhabit Central Asia from Afghanistan to China, mainly on the Mongolian plains and the Gobi Desert.
  • A small population of Bactrian camels exists in the Nubra Valley, Ladakh.


  • They grow up to 10 feet (3.0 m) long and weigh 590–1000 kg.
  • They are smaller and slimmer than the one-humped dromedary camels found in Africa and the Middle East.
  • The colour of their fur ranges from beige to dark brown.
  • They have thick, woolly coats that provide warmth and protection from the desert heat during the cold months, and they shed it for the summer months.
  • Lifespan: 50 years
  • They usually live in herds of 6–20 members, although they may sometimes live alone or in groups of up to 30 individuals.
  • Diet: They are omnivores but mainly herbivores that graze continuously on grass.


Ans. The army has deployed double hump camels in eastern Ladakh.

Ans. Camelus bactrianus

Ans. They are native to the harsh and dry regions of Central Asia.

Ans. In Nubra Valley of Ladakh.
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