A career in Judicial Services – Check Job Profile and Scope

  • utkarsh
  • Mar 18, 2021
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  • Blog English, State Judicial Services,
A career in Judicial Services – Check Job Profile and Scope

Indian Judiciary is considered to be a very prestigious sector to work for. All the law graduates dream of getting a job in the Indian Judiciary. Working for this sector comes with great social prestige, job security, lucrative salary, and other benefits. This makes it a very sought-after career option. 

To make a career in the Indian Judiciary, the candidates have to give a number of competitive examinations conducted by various conducting authorities across the country. However, cracking these exams is not a very easy task and requires diligence and constant effort. The exam pattern and eligibility criteria for each of these services vary in different states. 

In this article, we will discuss all the opportunities that you can get if you wish to have a career in the Indian Judicial Services. 

What are the job profiles which come under the Indian Judiciary Services?

There are many job profiles that come under the Judicial Services in India. The most popular ones are listed below:

  1. Advocate General
  2. Attorney General
  3. District and Sessions Judge
  4. Magistrate
  5. Notary
  6. Oath Commissioner
  7. Public Prosecutor
  8. Solicitors
  9. Sub-Magistrate

What are the responsibilities of a cadre of Judicial Services in India?

 it also acquires many responsibilities and duties along with it. Some of the duties of judges in India are provided below. 

  • They are authorized to instruct the jury.
  • To accept and approve the search and arrest warrants
  • To conduct initial proceedings in criminal cases
  • To determine liability or damages. 
  • To determine the acceptability of evidence.
  • To determine the guilt or innocence of criminal defendants and impose sentences on defendants found guilty.
  • To hear allegations of the prosecuting and defensive parties.
  • To inform the defendants about their constitutional rights.
  • To instruct juniors on how to consider facts from the evidence presented in trials
  • To interpret and apply laws or precedents to reach judgments
  • To interpret the law to specify the way to proceed with a trial.
  • To listen to witness the necessary evidence.
  • To preside over administrative hearings and read opposing arguments
  • To question witnesses.
  • To read and evaluate information from motions, claim applications, records, and other documents
  • To resolve the disputes between parties or determine the outcome of other types of issues
  • To take part in clearance or plea consultations in advance of trial
  • To write a decree on motions presented by counsel.
  • To write their opinions, verdicts, and instructions regarding cases, claims, and disputes

What is the Eligibility to have a career in the Judicial Services?

To become a civil judge in India, the candidates must fulfil the requirements mentioned below:


  • Applicant must be a citizen of India.

Age Limit

  • An aspirant must fall under the age bracket prescribed by the authorities. It varies from state to state.
  • The age limit is usually between 21 to 35 years.

Educational Qualifications

  • Candidates must have completed an LLB course of either 5 years or 3 years.
  • Students with an LLM degree can also apply for the job profile of a Judge.
  • Candidates with just diploma or certificate courses are not eligible to be a Judge.

Work Experience

  • To start the career as a Judge, an aspirant must be an advocate for at least 7 years.

What is the selection process for the Judiciary Services Exam?

The selection process varies for different exams in different states. However, there are three common stages in all the exams, i.e. Preliminary Exam, Main Exam, and Interview. Each stage has a different preparation strategy. Candidates can opt for a Judiciary Services Online Course to help them in preparing for the exam from the comfort and safety of their home.

Preliminary Examination: The preliminary examination is conducted as a screening for the mains exam. Multiple choice questions are asked in this stage and negative marking is applicable. The subjects of this exam depend on conducting authority. The marks secured in the preliminary examination are not added in the final merit as it is only qualifying in nature. 

 Main Examination: It is a written examination that generally comprises three or four papers. The marks secured by candidates are counted for the final selection. 

Interview: This is the final stage of selection where candidates are assessed on general interest, personality and intelligence among other factors. It tells about the personal perspective of the candidate 

What are the benefits and allowances of being a Judge?

The candidates are entitled to the following allowances and benefits:

  • Basic pay scale
  • Houses to live in with a security guard. 
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Travel Allowance
  • Electricity Bill
  • Phone Bill
  • Vehicle Maintenance
  • Pension after retirement

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