Home > Current Affairs > International > Snow Leopard: Kyrgyzstan Declared A National Symbol

Snow Leopard: Kyrgyzstan Declared A National Symbol

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 09-01-2024
Snow Leopard: Kyrgyzstan Declared A National Symbol Art & Culture 4 min read

Kyrgyzstan officially declared the snow leopard its national symbol, demonstrating its commitment to conservation and ecological balance.

  • Kyrgyzstan's President 'Sadyr Japarov' signed a decree on December 30, 2023.
  • The snow leopard is historically significant in Kyrgyz culture, appearing in the story of the Kyrgyz folk hero Manas, revered as a symbol of greatness, courage and resilience.

About Snow Leopard:

  • Scientific name: Panthera uncia
  • It is called the 'ghost of the mountains'.


  • Mountainous regions of Central and Southern Asia.
  • Number of countries with snow leopard range (12) – Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

Snow Leopard Habitat in India:

  • Western Himalayas – Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh
  • Eastern Himalayas – Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh

Conservation status:

  • IUCN Red List - Vulnerable
  • ‘Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora’ (CITES): Listed in Appendix-I.
  • Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 - Schedule-I

Major locations of snow leopard in India:

  • Hemis National Park, Ladakh (known as the 'global capital of snow leopards')
  • Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
  • Gangotri National Park, Uttarakhand
  • Kanchenjunga National Park, Sikkim

Conservation efforts on a global scale:

Snow Leopard Trust -

  • An organization working to protect snow leopards and their habitat through community-based conservation programs.

Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP) -

  • GSLEP was formed in 2013.
  • GSLEP is the first inter-governmental alliance to conserve the snow leopard and its unique ecosystem.

Conservation Efforts in India:

Project Snow Leopard-

  • Launched by the Government of India in 2009, it focuses on conserving the snow leopard and its high-altitude ecosystems.

Snow Leopard Conservation Breeding Program -

  • It was started in Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, West Bengal.

Himal Patron -

  • It is a community volunteer program launched in October 2020 to protect snow leopards.

Global and Indian population of snow leopards:

  • Global estimates suggest that there are 4 thousand to 6.5 thousand snow leopards worldwide.
  • The number of snow leopards is highest in China.
  • In India, the snow leopard population is estimated to be around 700-800.
  • State Animal: Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh

About Kyrgyzstan:

  • It is a country in Central Asia.
  • Capital – Bishkek
  • Currency - Som
  • President – Sadyr Japarov


Ans. Kyrgyzstan

Ans. Panthera uncia

Ans. Hemis National Park, Ladakh

Ans. Year 2009

Ans. Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, West Bengal
Leave a Review

Utkarsh Classes

Download India's Best Educational App

With the trust and confidence that our students have placed in us, the Utkarsh Mobile App has become India’s Best Educational App on the Google Play Store. We are striving to maintain the legacy by updating unique features in the app for the facility of our aspirants.