In a written reply in Lok Sabha, Minister of New and Renewable Energy and Power RK Singh said that the solar power capacity in the country has increased over the years and Rajasthan tops the list in solar power production followed by Gujarat.
As on 30 June this year, a cumulative solar power capacity of more than 70 GW has been installed in the country.
The installed solar power capacity has increased over 100 percent with addition of more than 35 GW during the last three years and current year.
The National Solar Mission (NSM) was launched on 11th January, 2010. NSM is a major initiative of the Government of India with active participation from States to promote ecological sustainable growth while addressing India’s energy security challenges. The Mission targets installing 100 GW grid-connected solar power plants by the year 2022.
This is in line with India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions(INDCs) target to achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources and to reduce the emission intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent from 2005 level by 2030.
Rajasthan is India’s largest state and it harbors the Massive the Thar Desert. It is located in the north-western section of the country. The state has few cloudy days, making it perfect for solar power generation.
Due to the desert and its intense heat, some land has become barren. The area cannot be used for farming, but it can be used to generate solar power.
The state is sparsely inhabited in comparison to the rest of the country. Solar power-producing systems and plants in less inhabited areas allow clean energy to reach the isolated communities that do not have access to electricity.
Rajasthan is home to many solar parks like Bhadla Solar Park, Nokh Solar Park, Fatehgarh Solar Park, Pugal Solar Park etc.