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Punjab celebrates Pehla Prakash Guruparv of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 17-01-2024
Punjab celebrates Pehla Prakash Guruparv of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Festival 6 min read

In Punjab, the Pehla Prakash Guruparv of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is being observed on 16 September. On this occasion, Sangat is coming from all parts of the country and abroad at Sri Darbar Sahib in Amritsar since early morning and bowing before Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji with full devotion. 

The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee SGPC has made elaborate arrangements for the convenience of the Sangat. 

  • The fifth Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji, illuminated Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji at Sri Darbar Sahib Amritsar in 1604. Since then, every year the Prakash Guruparv of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is celebrated with full religious devotion and respect. 
  • On this auspicious occasion, several quintals of colorful flowers from different parts of the nation and abroad have been used for the decoration of Sri Darbar Sahib. 
  • More than 150 artisans from Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Bihar remained busy in their decoration work day - and night for the past few days. 

About guru granth sahib parkash utsav

Guru Granth Sahib Parkash Utsav commemorates the very first parkash, which means, opening ceremony of the Guru Granth Sahib at the Golden Temple (Amritsar) in 1604.

  • The scripture of the Sikh is known as the Guru Granth Sahib, and it reveals the words spoken by Sikh Gurus and many other saints. The words of the Scripture is known as Gurbani which means 'from the Guru's mouth'.
  • The Sikhs believe that the scriptures have the actual words spoken by the Gurus and the gurbani is the word of Waheguru.
  • The Granth Sahib had started with the first Guru named Nanak Dev, as his collection of holy hymns. The scripture had been known as Adi Granth and was then added to by many other Gurus. The Sikhs believe that Guru Granth Sahib is an eternal living guru.

Sikh Gurus

Their Specifications

Guru Nanak (1469-1539)

Founder of the Sikh religion 

The first Sikh community (Panth) was formed in Kartarpur, Pakistan

Guru Angad Dev (1539-1552)

Developed the Gurmukhi script

Langar Sewa 

Opened the wrestling arenas (mall akhara)

Guru Amar Das (1552-1574)

Discouraged women from wearing a veil.

Made religious administrative units (manji) headed by a chief

Guru Ram Das (1574-1581)

Established the city of Amritsar in 1574

Guru Arjan Dev (1581-1606)

finished the construction of the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib)

Compilation and standardization of Adi Granth

The Mughal Emperor Jahangir forced him to convert into Muslim and tortured to death.

First Sikh Guru Martyr

Guru Hargobind Sahib (1606-1644)

Adopted and developed a military tradition in Sikhs

Constructed The Throne of the Timeless One (Akal Takht) in front of the Golden Temple.

Guru Har Rai (1644-1661)

In Mughal Succession Throne he supported Dara Shikoh over Aurangzeb

Guru Har Krishan (1661-1664)

Youngest of the Sikh Gurus

Guru Tegh Bahadur (1664-1675)

Beheaded by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb

Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708)

Formalized the Sikh military community (the Khalsa)

Last Guru

Five Takhts in Sikhism

  • Takht Shi Akal Takht Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar, Punjab.
  • Takht Sri Hazur Sahib Nanded, Maharashtra.
  • Takht Shri Harimandir Sahib, Patna, Bihar.
  • Takht Shri Kesgarh Sahib, Anandpur Sahib, Punjab.
  • Takht Shri Damdama Sahib, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, Punjab.

Note: Kartarpur Corridor connects Darbar Sahib Gurdwara in Narowal district of Pakistan with Dera Baba Nanak Sahib in Gurdaspur district of Punjab province of India.

This corridor was built on November 12, 2019, on the occasion of the 550th birth anniversary celebrations of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism.


Answer: Guru Nanak

Answer: Guru Teg Bahadur

Answer: Pakistan

Answer: Guru Ram Das

Answer: Guru Gobind Singh

Answer: Khalsa Sect
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