Folk music is a reflection of natural outpourings of the felt experience of the common people. The basis of the folk music are the folk songs, which are sung on various festivals and ceremonies in chorus. Use of folk instruments enhances their melody.
Folk songs are the musico-poetic compositions of that group of people whose literature is enshrined in the oral tradition.
Folk music cannot be compared with classical music as the former is for almost every occasion — family and social functions, seasons, sacraments, festivals, gods and goddesses, ceremonials and rituals. Classical music is canonical and is required to be learnt whereas folk music is a spontaneous outpouring of the sentiments and emotions.
The first category of folk music includes those songs which are sung by people on different occasions.
Marriage: Before marriage, the bridegroom is invited by relatives and while returning, a song related to ‘bindola’ (bindoli) is sung. On the departure of the bridegroom, at the time of ghudchadi, ‘ghodi’ is sung. Females of the bride's family going to see the location of janvasa find mention in ‘jala’ songs. The songs that are sung on the birth of a child are called ‘jaccha’ songs. These songs sing the praise of the expectant mother, joy of growth of family and blessings for the child.
Second category includes those songs which evolved in a feudal environment. Many castes sang songs in praise of their patron king or feudal lords etc. to earn their bread and butter.
The third category consists of songs in which regional features are abundantly visible.