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Red Ant Chutney of Odisha Received GI Tag

Utkarsh Classes 11-01-2024
Red Ant Chutney of Odisha Received GI Tag State news 4 min read

Kai Chutney, also known as Red Ant Chutney, from Odisha, has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag due to its unique taste and texture. 

  • Insects and worms have been consumed for their numerous health benefits since ancient times in India and other parts of the world. 
  • This rare delicacy is made with Red Weaver Ants and comes from the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha, where it has been a quintessential part of their culinary culture.

About Kai Chutney

  • Kai chutney is a classic coarse chutney made with spices, herbs and Weaver Red Ants. 
  • For exceptional health benefits and nutritional value, Kai Chutney got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag on January 2, 2024.
  • Red Ants or Oecophylla smaragdina, have a very painful sting that can cause skin rashes or blisters. These ants are commonly found in India's Mayurbhanj, Similipal, Jharkhand, and Chhattisgarh forests.

What is a geographical indication?

  • A Geographical Indication (GI) is a designation used to describe products from a particular geographic location and possessing unique characteristics or a reputation derived from that location. 
  • To qualify as a GI, the label must indicate that the product originates from a specific place.
  • Geographical indications are an important part of Intellectual Property Rights under Articles 1(2) and 10 of the Paris Convention. 
  • They are also protected under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, a part of the agreements concluded during the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
  • India became a World Trade Organization (WTO) member and enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act in 1999. This act was enacted on September 15, 2003 and protected geographical indications of goods.

Evolution of GIs

  • The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) defined GIs in 2003 as indicators of a product's origin.
  • The concept of Geographical Indication (GI) originates from the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, which was signed in Paris, France, in 1883. 
  • The terms 'appellation of origin' and 'indications of source' were introduced and later defined in the Lisbon and Madrid Treaties. 
    • However, the growing significance of GIs may be linked to the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ('TRIPS') led by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 1995.
  • The TRIPS agreement establishes requirements for GI protection and legal systems for WTO member nations.
  • The TRIPS Agreement, a part of the final agreements of the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations, covers GIs in Articles 22 to 24.

FAQ

Answer. Odisha

Answer: Kai Chutney

Answer: Geographical Indication

Answer: 1999

Answer: Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
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