Home > Current Affairs > National > Paradip Port , the top cargo-handling port in India in 2023-24

Paradip Port , the top cargo-handling port in India in 2023-24

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 08-04-2024
Paradip Port , the top cargo-handling port in India in 2023-24 Transport 8 min read

The Paradip Port Authority, Odisha, has displaced the Deendayal Port Authority, Kandla, as the top cargo-handling major port of India in 2023-24. In 2023-24, the Paradip Port handled 145.38 Million Metric Tons (MMT) of cargo. Paradip Port handled 10.02 million metric tons more cargo than last year, registering a growth of  7.4%. The Paradip port has the capacity to handle 289 million metric tonnes. 

Achievements of Paradip Port 

The Paradip Port emerged as the country's hub for coastal shipping. It handled 59.19 million metric tonnes of coastal shipping traffic. Similarly, the port handled 43.97 million metric tonnes of thermal coal coastal shipping,

The Paradip Port achieved the highest productivity among all major ports in India. Its berth productivity has improved from 31050 MT to 33014 MT.

Paradip Port is the cheapest in terms of tariff among all the ports in the country.  As part of its business development plan, the Paradip Port has frozen its tariff for cargo handling for three years starting in 2022. 

About Paradip Port 

Paradip Port was initially set up by the government of Odisha in 1962. However, in 1965, the government of India took over the ownership and management of the port from the Odisha government.

Paradip Port was declared a major port by the government of India on 18 April 1966, becoming the 8th major port of India.

The Port of Paradip is an autonomous body under the Major Port Trusts Act 1963, functioning under the Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways. It is administered by a Board of Trustees set up by the Government of India.

Ports In India 

There are two types of ports in India: major and non-major ports. The major ports are under the Union Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways. Over 200 non-major ports are under the control of the State or Union Territory government.

Major Port Authorities /Major Ports  in India

There were 13 Port Authorities in India which managed the 13 major ports.Later, Chennai Port Authority acquired the Kamarajar Port Authority which managed the Kamarajar (earlier known as Ennore Port) in 2020,

Thus at present there are 12 Port Authorities which manage 13 major ports in India. 

The Port Authority is an autonomous body under the Union Ministry of Port,Shipping and Waterways which is responsible for the  administration, control and management of such ports. At present they are governed by the provisions of the Major Port Authorities Act 2021.

There were initially 13 major ports in India. The Chennai Port acquired the Kamarajar Port(earlier known as Ennore Port) in 2020, and now there are only 12 major ports in India.


Serial Number 

Port Name 

Located in State /Union Territory 


Coast of India



Tamil Nadu

It is an artificial port and is the third oldest among the Major Ports of India.

Eastern Coast


V.O.Chidambaram Port

Tamil Nadu

It was earlier called Tuticorin Port. It is an artificial port. It is the southernmost port of India. 

Eastern Coast


Kamarajar Port(Ennore Port)

Tamil Nadu

It is the 12th Major port of India. It is an artificial Port.

Eastern Coast


Visakhapatnam Port 

Andhra Pradesh 

It is the only landlocked major port in India 

Eastern Coast


Paradip Port 


It is a natural port.It is located at the confluence of the Mahanadi River and the Bay of Bengal

Eastern Coast 


Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Port, Kolkata

West Bengal 

Only Riverine major Port. It is situated on the Hooghly River. It is a Tidal Port 

Eastern Coast


Cochin Port 


It is a natural port. It is situated on Willingdon Island in the Arabian Sea. 

Western Coast 


New Mangalore Port


It is a natural port.

Western Coast 


Mormugao Port 


It is a natural port. It was developed by the Portuguese to export Iron ores from Gao.

Western Coast


Deen Dayal Port Authority 


It was earlier called Kandla Port.It lies in the Kutch district of Gujarat.

It is a Tidal port.

Western Coast


Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) or Nhava Sheva port


It is the most modern and mechanised port in India. It is the largest artificial port in India.

Western Coast


Mumbai Port 


It is the largest natural port in India.

Western Coast 


Port Blair Port

Andaman and Nicobar island. Located in South Andaman. 

It is the newest major port of India. It was declared a major port in 2010.

Western Coast 


Answer: Paradip Port. It replaced Deendayal Port Authority, Kandla.

Answer: Odisha

Answer: Mahanadi

Answer: Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

Answer: Mumbai port.
Leave a Review

Utkarsh Classes

Download India's Best Educational App

With the trust and confidence that our students have placed in us, the Utkarsh Mobile App has become India’s Best Educational App on the Google Play Store. We are striving to maintain the legacy by updating unique features in the app for the facility of our aspirants.