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Illegal trade of Horn of Indian Rhino found in Assam

Utkarsh Classes 09-09-2023
Illegal trade of Horn of Indian Rhino found in Assam Environment 3 min read

Recently illegally traded horns of Indian Rhino recovered in Assam which is believed to be of Indian Rhino from Manas National Park.

Rhino poaching in Assam is the major wild animal issue in India, As Illegal rhino horn trade has increased in the black market. One Horned Rhino National Park of Assam hosts 95% of the total wild One horned rhino in the world and poaching is the only important reason for the decline of the Indian rhino.

Key Facts about One-Horned Rhino

The greater one-horned rhino (or “Indian rhino”) is the largest of the rhino species

There are five species of rhino in the wild – white and black rhinos in Africa, and the greater one-horned, Javan and Sumatran rhino species in Asia. 

IUCN Red List Status:

  • Black Rhino: Critically endangered. Smaller of the two African species.
  • White Rhino: Near Threatened. Researchers have created an embryo of the northern white rhino by using In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) process.
  • One-Horned Rhino: Vulnerable
  • Javan: Critically Endangered
  • Sumatran Rhino: Critically Endangered.

India is home to only the Great One-Horned Rhino

They primarily graze, with a diet consisting almost entirely of grasses as well as leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruit, and aquatic plants.

Habitat in India

  • Kaziranga National Park, Assam (Highest species of Rhino)
  • Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam
  • Jaldapara National Park, West Bengal 
  • Orang National Park, Assam 
  • Gorumara National Park, West Bengal
  • Dibru Saikhowa National Park Near Dibrugarh of Assam
  • Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh
  • Manas National Park, Assam 

Protection Status 

  • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
  • CITES: Appendix I 
  • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I.

Threats to number of Rhinos

Poaching for the horns as horns are used in traditional Asian medicine, particularly in Vietnam and China.

Habitat loss is the other major threat to rhino populations. As more and more land is cleared for agriculture there is less available space for rhino to thrive in.

 

 

 

FAQ

Answer: Great One-Horn Rhino

Answer: Kaziranga National Park

Answer: Assam

Answer: Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Kaziranga National Park ,Orang National Park, Manas National Park

Answer: Vulnerable
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