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Singchung Bugun Village CR Showcased at Republic Day Parade

Utkarsh Classes 31-01-2024
Singchung Bugun Village CR Showcased at Republic Day Parade Place in News 4 min read

Arunachal Pradesh presented its Singchung Bugun Village Community Reserve during the Republic Day parade. 

  • The Singchung Bugun Village Community Reserve is a 17 square kilometer biodiversity hotspot of Arunachal Pradesh.

About Singchung Bugun Village Community Reserve

  • The reserve was established in 2017 to preserve the biodiversity of the region. 
  • It provides a habitat for several critically endangered species, including the Bugun Liocichla (Liocichlabugunorum) passerine bird, which is named after the local tribe. 
  • Additionally, it is home to various endangered species, such as the red panda (Ailurus fulgens), and a wide range of flora and fauna.

Bugun Liocichla

  • The species of bird in question is one of the first to have been discovered in India after its independence in 1947
  • This bird can only be found on the community lands of the Buguns, who are an indigenous group consisting of approximately 2,000 individuals. 
  • These people are dispersed across 12 villages situated outside the forests of Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary.

What is a Community Reserve?

  • Conservation reserves and community reserves are protected areas in India that act as buffer zones, connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests. 
  • An area is designated as a conservation reserve if it is inhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities. 
  • On the other hand, if part of the land is privately owned, it is classified as a community reserve. 
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 introduced these protected area categories, amending the Wildlife Protection Act (WLPA) of 1972. 
  • These categories were added to address reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to private ownership of land and land use. 
  • Once an area has been declared a community reserve, the provisions of the WLPA apply to it.

Bugun Tribe

  • The Khowa tribe, also known as the Bugun people in their native language, is one of India's smallest tribal communities. 
  • They have a population of only around 2,000 members and are primarily located in the Tenga valley. 
  • Some also reside in the subtropical forests near Bhalukpong in the Himalayan foothills of the West Kameng district, which borders Bhutan.

FAQ

Answer: Arunachal Pradesh

Answer: Bugun Liocichla

Answer: Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002

Answer: Arunachal Pradesh
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