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International Day of Epidemic Preparedness: Date, History, Purpose

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 27-12-2023
International Day of Epidemic Preparedness: Date, History, Purpose Important Day 3 min read

27 December is observed as International Epidemic Preparedness Day all over the world.

Purpose of the day:

  • The day aims to increase awareness about the pandemic. This is done by exchanging information, sharing scientific knowledge and exchanging best practices internationally. 

Significance of International Epidemic Preparedness Day:

  • Role of Governments: Governments have the primary role and responsibility when responding to pandemics. International Epidemic Preparedness Day recognises this. 
  • Spreading Awareness: International Pandemic Preparedness Day helps people get ready for pandemics by educating them and raising awareness. 
  • Information sharing: The event promotes sharing information about preventing and resolving epidemics at the local, national, regional, and global levels. 
  • Better Preparedness: The day aims to improve how states respond to future health challenges. This will help them to be more prepared. 

History of the day:

  • The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution on 7 December  2020. The resolution declares 27 December as International Epidemic Preparedness Day. 
  • The coronavirus outbreak in China began in late 2019. As the infection rate started increasing and the number of infected people started increasing, many parts of the city were sealed.
  • In light of this, the first International Day of Epidemic Preparedness was observed on 27 December 2020.
  • The United Nations General Assembly declared the day to emphasise preventing and preparing for pandemics, as well as promoting cooperation. 

Major Health Related Days:

  • World Health Day - 7 April (Theme of 2023: Health for All)
  • World Cancer Day – 4 February (Theme of 2023: "Close the Care Gap")
  • World Tuberculosis Day - 24 March (Theme of 2023: Yes! We can end TB!)
  • World Malaria Day – 25 April (Theme for 2023: “Time to Delivery Zero Malaria: Invest, Innovate, Implement)
  • World Rabies Day – 28 September (Theme of 2023: “All for 1, One Health for All”)
  • World Diabetes Day – 14 November (Theme of 2023: "Access to Diabetes Care")
  • World AIDS Day – 1 December (Theme of 2023: "Let Communities Lead")
  • World Homeopathy Day – 10 April (Theme of 2023:Homoeoparivar- Sarvajan Swasthya, One Health, One Family’)
  • International Yoga Day – 21 June (Theme of 2023: 'Yoga for Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam')


Ans. 27th December

Ans. December 27, 2020

Ans. 7 April

Ans. 25th April

Ans. The theme of World AIDS Day 2023 was: "Let Communities Lead".
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