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In India the Domestic Coal-Fired Power Generation Increases By 8.38%

Utkarsh Classes Last Updated 23-12-2023
In India the Domestic Coal-Fired Power Generation Increases By 8.38% Economy 4 min read

India is the world's third-largest energy user, with a yearly rise in electricity consumption of roughly 4.7%. From April to November 2023, India had a stunning 7.71% increase in electricity generation as compared to the same time the previous year. 

Recent Coal Statistics

  • During the April–November 2023 period, the country's coal-based electricity generation climbed by 8.38% to 779.1 billion units (BU) as compared to the last year.
  • The coal ministry stated in a statement that electricity generation in India climbed 7.71 percent during the period under review. 
  • In the current fiscal year through November, coal imports for blending declined 44.28 percent to 15.16 million tonnes (MT). 
  • Coal-based power generation witnessed an increase of 11.19% during Apr-Nov’ 23.
  • Reasons for increase in Coal-based power generation
    • unprecedented rise in temperature
    • delayed monsoons in the Northern region 
    • the resumption of full commercial activities post-Covid

What is Coal?

  • Coal, sometimes known as 'Black Gold,' is a kind of fossil fuel found in sedimentary strata.
  • It is a common and readily available source of energy. 
  • In India, the coal sector is monopolistic.
  • Thermal power is the term used to describe coal-fired electricity.
  • China, the United States, Australia, Indonesia, and India are the world's top coal producers.

Classification of Coal

Coal is divided into four varieties or ranks: Anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. 


Percentage of carbon content



80 - 95%

found in small quantities in J&K


60 - 80%

West Bengal




Madhya Pradesh


40 to 55%

Lakhimpur (Assam)


Tamil Nadu


less than 40%


Distribution of Coal in India

Gondwana Coal Fields 

  • Gondwana coal accounts for 98% of total reserves and 99% of coal output in India.
  • It is metallurgical grade as well as exceptional quality coal in India.
  • It may be found in the valleys of Damodar (Jharkhand-West Bengal), Mahanadi (Chhattisgarh-Odisha), Godavari (Maharashtra), and Narmada.

Tertiary Coal Fields

  • The carbon content is quite low, but it is high in moisture and sulfur.
  • Tertiary coalfields are generally found in extra-peninsular areas.
  • Important locations include Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, the Himalayan foothills of Darjeeling in West Bengal, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Kerala.


Ans. India is the world's third-largest energy user.

Ans. Coal, sometimes known as 'Black Gold' is a kind of fossil fuel found in sedimentary strata.

Ans. Anthracite Coal has 80 - 95% of Carbon Content.

Ans. Peat Coal has less than 40% of carbon Content.

Ans. Tertiary Coal Fields have high moisture and sulphur content.
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