The Union Ministry of Culture has announced that the government of India will organise Har Ghar Tirnaga 2.0 campaign across the country from 13th -15 th August 2023. The Har Ghar Tiranga campaign 1.0 was launched by the government of India under the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav last year to inspire Indians everywhere to hoist the national flag at their home.
The idea behind the campaign is to instil the feeling of patriotism in the hearts of people and to remember and acknowledge the contribution of those who have contributed towards creating this great nation.
It is being organised by the Government of India to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of progressive India and the glorious history of its people, culture and achievements.
The Union Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal agency for the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.
The display, hoisting and use of the national flag is governed by the Flag Code of India 2002 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971.
According to the code the national flag is allowed to be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of weather conditions.
However in 2022 the government of India allowed the display of flags from 13 -15 August 2022, in the open or in the house of a member of the public in both day and night. This facility has been extended this year also.
For making the national flag only hand-woven and handspun khadi were allowed .
However in an amendment to the code in December 2021, “handspun or hand-woven or machine-made cotton, polyester, wool silk, khadi bunting” was also allowed to make the national flag.
The National Flag of India in its present form was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947.
Design of the National Flag
The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
The ratio of width of the flag to its length is 2:3.
In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. It has 24 spokes.
Colours of the Flag
In the national flag of India the top band is of Saffron colour, indicating the strength and courage of the country.
The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra.
The last band is green in colour and shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.
This Dharma Chakra depicts the "wheel of the law" in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.