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Haryana, Karnataka and Punjab lead in used water management

Utkarsh Classes 13-03-2024
Haryana, Karnataka and Punjab lead in used water management Report 4 min read

On March 12, 2024, the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) released a report on used water management in the country. Here Haryana, Karnataka and Punjab have been placed at the forefront in the country in terms of used water management.

Highlights of CEEW Report:

  • The states Haryana, Karnataka and Punjab lead the country in terms of used water management.
  • The demand for water in cities is continuously increasing. Whereas the ground water level is continuously decreasing.
  • There is a need to increase the treatment and reuse of water used for non-drinking purposes at the level of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in the country.
  • Currently, lack of financial planning and investment remains a major hurdle for water management in 90 percent of ULBs.
  • According to 2021 data, only 28 percent of the country's 72,000 million liters of used water is treated.
  • There is a need to identify priority areas to strengthen treatment of used water and increase its re-use.
  • Keeping this in view, CEEW has also prepared the first of its kind Municipal Used Water Management (MUWM) Index in this report.
  • The Municipal Used Water Management (MUWM) index focuses on 503 ULBs across 10 states. These ten states are as follows:
    • Andhra Pradesh
    • Chhattisgarh
    • Gujarat
    • Haryana
    • Jharkhand
    • Madhya Pradesh
    • Karnataka
    • Punjab
    • Rajasthan
    • West Bengal
  • These states have adopted the policy of reusing treated water.
  • The index comparatively ranks ULBs based on five themes. These themes are as follows: finance, infrastructure, efficiency, governance and data & information.

Various states in CEEW report:

  • The report highlights Haryana and Karnataka as leading states with comprehensive graded action plans.
  • After this come Punjab and Rajasthan.
  • While significant progress has been seen in Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • ULBs in most states need to adopt a comprehensive approach to used water management because 60 percent of the states are in the bottom half of the ULB index.

Important Tips to Study CEEW:

  • The important suggestions given in this study can be seen from the following points:
    • Empowering ULBs to adopt long term reuse planning.
    • Developing a comprehensive database of used water management
    • Leveraging national efforts to finance
    • Suggests bringing water purification and its reuse into the mainstream in cities.

About Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW):

  • CEEW is one of Asia's leading non-profit policy research institutes.
  • CEEW utilizes data, integrated analysis, and strategic outreach to elucidate and alter resource utilization, reuse, and misuse.
  • CEEW tackles global challenges through an integrated and internationally focused approach.
  • It provides independent, high-quality research.

FAQ

Answer: Haryana and Karnataka have been placed on the top in used water management.

Answer: Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW)
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